What are the symptoms of ADHD?

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder usually diagnosed during childhood. Although it is commonly associated with children, it can also affect adults. The particular cause of it is still unknown, but it is believed to be linked to genetics, brain structure, and chemical imbalances. The symptoms of ADHD can be debilitating, affecting an individual’s daily life and relationships.


One of the most common symptoms of it is inattention. Individuals with ADHD often struggle to focus on tasks, get easily distracted, have difficulty listening, and make careless mistakes. They may also struggle with organisation and forgetfulness.


Hyperactivity is another common symptom of ADHD. This can manifest in different ways, including fidgeting, restlessness, and difficulty sitting still. In children, this can manifest in running or climbing excessively. It may present as a feeling of restlessness or an inability to relax in adults.


Impulsivity is another symptom of ADHD. This can manifest as impulsive actions, speaking out of turn, interrupting conversations, and making decisions without considering the consequences. This can lead to difficulties with relationships, work, and other areas of life.

Emotional dysregulation

Individuals with ADHD may also struggle with emotional dysregulation. This can manifest as mood swings, sensitivity to criticism, irritability, and difficulty regulating emotions. This can lead to problems with relationships and difficulty managing stress. However, they can reduce these symptoms with ADHD medication like Modafinil.

Executive dysfunction

Executive dysfunction is another symptom of ADHD. This includes difficulties with planning, organising, and prioritising tasks. Individuals may also struggle with time management and completing tasks.

Related conditions in children and teenagers with ADHD

Learning disabilities

Children with ADHD may struggle with reading, writing, or math, even with average or above-average IQ levels. In addition, learning disabilities are often found to be co-occurring with ADHD. Hence, if your child or teenager with ADHD faces academic difficulties, it may not necessarily be due to a lack of intelligence. Instead, it might be a learning disability that needs to be addressed.

Anxiety disorders

Children and teenagers with ADHD are more likely to develop anxiety-related disorders like Generalised Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder, and Social Anxiety Disorder. Anxiety can present as excessive worry, physical symptoms such as headaches or stomach aches, fear of social situations, or panic attacks. Therefore, it is essential to observe for anxiety symptoms in children with ADHD and seek appropriate help.

Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD)

ODD is when children and teenagers become hostile, disobedient, and defiant towards authority figures like parents and teachers. Children with ADHD may develop ODD, making it challenging for caregivers to manage their behaviour. As ODD is a severe condition, parents or caregivers must seek prompt therapeutic intervention.

Conduct disorder (CD)

The CD is a condition where children or teenagers exhibit anger, aggression, or violence. Children and teenagers with ADHD may also develop CD, making interacting with their peers, family, and community members difficult. The symptoms of CD can be debilitating and require urgent professional support.


Children with ADHD can experience feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and worthlessness. Depression can affect their academic performance, social skills, and overall development. Hence, it is essential to observe any depressive symptoms and seek help from a mental health professional.


It can have a significant impact on an individual’s life and relationships. This can be challenging to manage, but with proper diagnosis and treatment, individuals with ADHD can learn strategies to manage their symptoms and improve their daily lives. A qualified therapist or physician can help diagnose and treat ADHD effectively. Remember, with the proper support and strategies, individuals with ADHD can thrive.